Frequently Asked Questions

PERFORMANCE

Technically speaking, the detection range of the Aaronia AARTOS DDS system is unlimited. In general, the range is equivalent to the maximum distance between the operator and the drone (or better) but is always dependent on the transmitting power of the two. Depending on the drone type, then, the range can thus easily be several kilometres/miles (e.g. the typical detection range for a DJI Phantom 4 drone is around 5 km).

Detecting a drone may take the system between 10 μs to 500 ms, depending on several factors such as the complexity of the AARTOS DDS, the number of used IsoLOG 3D antenna arrays etc. Optical, acoustic and radar-based drone detection solutions are not able to perform this kind of early- warning detection.

In general, drones can be detected as soon as the radio link has been established (i.e. both the drone and the remote control have been switched on). The pairing, radio-link establishment, take-off, and climb usually take between 30 seconds and five minutes, depending on the drone model (our reference being the DJI Mavic PRO). This can take significantly longer, however, if the operator chooses to perform a full system check.

Yes, the AARTOS DDS can detect and track the drone operator’s movements as well.

Absolutely, when using two or more systems, the DDS detects the altitude as well. Single systems only show the azimuth.

Yes, and you will need only two systems for accurate distance measurements (most other drone detection systems require at least three). For best results, however, we to use three systems.

Yes, the system can detect multiple drones or drone swarms at once, regardless of brand, type or even direction.

The AARTOS DDS uses real-time RF signal detection and a combination of smart Pattern-Triggering and Neuronal Network scanning.

The system’s IsoLOG 3D antenna covers 360°. It can also be adjusted to specific needs, that is e.g. mere 90° or 180° (edge-) coverage.

Accurate detection is certainly best within line of sight, but the system is by no means limited to that. The AARTOS DDS relies on RF signals, and the nature of RF signals is that they can be traced regardless of obstructions – that means, whether they originate behind buildings or trees, in woods or a crowd of people, they can be detected and traced. In other words: If the signal is strong/powerful enough, the system’s detection range is virtually unlimited.

Since the system can be equipped with an unlimited number of sensors, forming a network of multiple sensors covering larger areas, there are no limitations in terms of altitude and elevation. All systems can be linked to a single monitoring centre, offering remote control capabilities to each system. Each single system covers a radius of 360°, including the airspace above the sensor (i.e. 360° dome coverage).

The AARTOS DDS X3, X5 and X7 offer an extremely fast scan-and-hop mode that works in two distinct ways: It can either hop between all “typical” drone frequency ranges (e.g. 433 MHz / 915 MHz /2.4 GHz / 4.3 GHz / 5.8 GHz) or it can sweep a complete frequency range (e.g. 100 MHz to 6 GHz). In addition, the AARTOS DDS X9 offers an ultra-wideband solution, covering all “typical” drone frequency ranges in real-time without hopping.

Yes, the AARTOS DDS can be switched to a 24/7 recording mode, i.e. as long as the internal/external memory (HDD/SSD) offers enough space, the system can monitor and record the entire real-time spectrum without gap. In the context of a criminal prosecution, this information might also be used as valuable evidence.

Yes, the AARTOS DDS can be switched to a Smart-Event recording mode. By filtering and deleting useless data, plenty of recording space can be made available the internal/external memory (HDD/SSD).

The AARTOS DDS is an entirely passive system, therefore not emitting any radiation at all. It could thus be easily operated in such contexts without interference.

Yes, very easily so. The antenna can be covered with any material, e.g. camouflage netting, as long as it is non-reflective of RF (i.e. non-metallic) – yet another advantage of the AARTOS DDS system over optical, acoustic and radar-based drone detection systems. Mounted on a vehicle, the AARTOS DDS can hardly be distinguished from a common TV or satellite antenna.

Yes, the AARTOS DDS works around the clock, day and night. Light has no influence on the system.

No, the AARTOS DDS is entirely weather-proof and hence impervious to fog, rain, snow etc.

TRIGGER AND IDENTIFICATION

Yes, our system uses intelligent pattern classification, enabling it to distinguish precisely between those signals.

We use a sophisticated method of recording drone emission patterns. These patterns are saved in our so-called Smart Trigger Pattern Database (or STPD), a database that is constantly being maintained and expanded (optional upgrades are available online via the Aaronia homepage). For specialized/professional use, users can also add custom pattern recordings to their database through the system’s teach-in function.

Yes, the system is adaptable: You can use the teach-in function mentioned above to teach the AARTOS DDS which drones are friendly. Once recorded, the system is able to distinguish friendly drones from actual threat.

Absolutely not. The AARTOS DDS is designed to distinguish an a sophisticated level between all such objects, thus eliminating the likelihood of false alarms.

In general, the AARTOS DDS detects both the drone and its operator. The amount and accuracy of the information, however, depends on the number of systems / antennas in use. A single AARTOS DDS can provide the direction from where the signal originates; the accuracy depends on the type of IsoLOG used, but offering up to 22.5° sector accuracy in any case with the standard IsoLOG 3D 160 antenna. Real-life accuracy, however, is much higher as the software can easily interpolate
between sectors.

The number of IsoLOG antennas also determines the level of accuracy – once several antennas are being operated, signal triangulation enables users to locate the exact position (and not only the direction) of the drone and / or its operator.

Yes, the system can detect multiple drones or drone swarms at once, regardless of brand, type or even direction.

COUNTERMEASURE SOLUTIONS

Yes, we offer various so-called countermeasure solutions (CMS) Jammers to “keep the drone out”, as it were: Both stationary and mobile solutions, such as our backpack jamming system and Sector Jammers.

Yes, the stationary CMS are integrated seamlessly into the AARTOS DDS system.

The mobile backpack CMS is entirely manual, and thus not integrated/available separately.

Once correctly setup, an operator is no longer needed. The countermeasure solutions/CMS can be controlled manually, or operate fully or semi-automatically – tailored specifically to the users’ needs.

It takes approximately 2-3 seconds to block the control signal and video link once a drone has been detected. This applies to both the stationary and mobile CMS versions.

The stationary CMS has a range of up to 12 km (or 7.45 miles), depending on the specific model. The mobile CMS has a shutdown range of 2.5 km (or 1.55 miles), while still blocking the systems of targets further away.

INSTALLATION AND INFRASTRUCTURE

Requirements depend on the system model: Our portable systems, for one, have independent battery power supply. Other systems at least need a power connection, while systems based on multiple remote units need Ethernet cable connections and a power supply.

Yet, we also offer a GSM-based version not requiring an Ethernet cable connection. Bear in mind, however, that an Internet connection may occasionally be needed in order to update the software or the STPD (Smart Trigger Pattern Database).

Our mobile manpack version, the AARTOS DDS X3, is ready to use after barely 30 seconds. The bigger systems – X5, X7, and X9 – require around 3 to 5 minutes for the complete setup of a single system by a trained crew of two people.

Software upgrades (e.g. for the drone database, new software features, and device firmware) generally take around 10 to 20 minutes. No further required downtime known so far.

Not at all. Once the initial setup is completed, the system works fully automated.

Yes, the AARTOS DDS system includes an application programming interface (or API), allowing the user to implement it into any existing surveillance software or hardware systems.

The necessary training to fully operate the AARTOS DDS can be obtained within a few days at our headquarters in Germany. Please contact [email protected] for further details on our trainings.

The antenna should be installed at a minimum height of 3 m from the ground. The general rule of thumb is: The higher the antenna, the more refined its results.

Yes, a standard lightning rod can be installed and does not influence the AARTOS DDS performance.

As far as mobile mounting goes, the AARTOS DDS is very flexible and durable. In can be installed on vehicles such as cars, trucks or vans, and even on boats – all parts of the IsoLOG 3D antenna are resistant to saltwater as well as weather- and splash proof thanks to its IP65 certification. Coastal and marine environments therefore pose no limitation to the system’s performance.

No, the AARTOS DDS does not emit radiation that can interfere with such operations.

The IsoLOG 3D antenna offers a usable temperature range of -40° to +80°C. Our real-time spectrum analyzer (XFR V5 PRO) offers a usable temperature range of -20° to +60°C.

SALES, SERVICE, DEMONSTRATIONS

When it comes to drone detection, the term ‘target group’ becomes ambiguous – drones may pose a potential threat to commercial, public and private causes alike. Our drone detection system can hence be beneficial to a variety of user groups: Companies from the automotive and chemicals industry, critical infrastructure such as nuclear power plants, prisons, governments, but also operators of airports and stadiums. Military branches and security firms benefit from drone detection on a similar level, as do private individuals seeking to protect their homes and properties.

The AARTOS DDS is under continuous development and consistently kept up-to-date. In addition, we offer service-level agreements (SLAs) containing regular updates to and maintenance of the Smart Trigger Pattern Database, the DDS software, the firmware for our analyzers and even the hardware of the IsoLOG 3D antenna itself.

For the AARTOS DDS system, we provide support for a minimum of 10 years.

We demonstrate the AARTOS DDS at various international trade shows and conventions, and cooperate with partners around the globe. Should you have further queries regarding demonstrations, please contact us at [email protected].

The AARTOS Drone Detection System is developed and manufactured in Germany, thus adhering to the highest standards of quality.

The typical lead time for a single AARTOS DDS is around 2 – 4 weeks, depending on the complexity of the final configuration.

For all information related to the AARTOS DDS and its price range, please feel free to contact us at [email protected].

In most cases, the AARTOS DDS has no restrictions with regard to export or import.

For further clarification, please contact us at [email protected].